All dharmas that arise from causes and conditions,
I call them emptiness.
They are also provisional names,
And also the Middle Way.
DHARMAS ARE INHERENTLY EMPTY OF NATURE
Dharmas are inherently empty of nature,
Neither arising nor ceasing;
Nirvana is one’s nature.
THREE DHARMA SEALS
All phenomena are impermanent,
All dharmas are non-self,
Nirvana is perfect tranquility,
Such are the Three Dharma Seals.
All phenomena arise from causes and conditions,
All phenomena cease by causes and conditions.
Our Buddha, the great Sramana,
Always speaks in this way.