THE I CHING (EXCERPT)
If acts of goodness be not accumulated, they are not
sufficient to give its finish to one’s name; if acts of
evil be not accumulated, they are not sufficient to
destroy one’s life.
The superior man learns and accumulates the results
of his learning; puts questions, and discriminates
among those results; dwells magnanimously and
unambitiously in what he has attained to; and carries
it into practice with benevolence.
Things with the same tonality resonate together;
things with the same material force seek out one
another. Water flows to where it is wet; fire goes
toward where it is dry. Clouds follow the dragon;
wind follows the tiger… Thus each thing follows its
SELECTIONS FROM THE ART OF WAR
ATTACK BY STRATAGEM (EXCERPT)
If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need
not fear the result of a hundred battles. If you know
yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained
you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the
enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle.
WEAK POINTS AND STRONG (EXCERPT)
Military tactics are like unto water; for water in its
natural course runs away from high places and
hastens downwards. So in war, the way is to avoid
what is strong and to strike at what is weak. Water
shapes its course according to the nature of the
ground over which it flows; the soldier works out his
victory in relation to the foe whom he is facing.
Therefore, just as water retains no constant shape,
so in warfare there are no constant conditions. He
who can modify his tactics in relation to his
opponent and thereby succeed in winning, may be
called a heaven-born captain. The five elements
(water, fire, wood, metal, earth) are not always
equally predominant; the four seasons make way
for each other in turn. There are short days and
long; the moon has its periods of waning and waxing.